It wasn’t until recently that I learnt coal in fact originates from the massive build-up of dead land-based plant life, primarily trees. On a more formal note, when looking at the CA Mining website coal is defined as “a fossil fuel which is the largest source of energy for the generation of electricity globally, as well as one of the largest worldwide anthropogenic sources of carbon dioxide emissions”. Further more, coal is readily combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock usually occurring in rock strata in layers or veins termed coal beds
Out of the entire African content, South Africa is no doubt-guaranteed the KING producer of coal and on top of that the country is a global coal giant gigantic (after China, Australia, Canada, USA and Indonesia.) Did you know that South Africa has 11% of the world’s coal reserves and produces 6% of global production. Almost all of the coal that is taken out of the country is passed through through the Richards Bay Coal Terminal (RBCT) on the Kwazulu Natal East Coast.
Other coal players
Zimbabwe’s single mine namely Wankie is another coal player and is rather a significant producer. Zambia has a single and minor operation called the Maamba colliery. Niger operates is another single coal mine producer, whilst Malawi’s producer, the Mchenga mine produces approximately 50 000t per year. Swaziland has two small collieries which produce around 400 000t per year. Botswana has a single coal mine committed to supplying Botswana’s coal fired power station. Isolated coal-bearing sequences in Niger (Carboniferous), Nigeria (Cretaceous), Morocco (Upper Carboniferous) and Egypt (Jurassic) represent only regionally significant coal bearing potential.
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Asia and South East Asia
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