Found deep underneath the earth’s crust are oil reservoirs and just like any other fossil fuel, this liquid is the final product of hundreds and thousands of years of natural materials being decomposed. Oil can’t be seen as renewable as it can’t be replenished once it is removed and burned. This liquid can be advanced into a variety of products relating to fuel such as gasoline, kerosene, liquefied petroleum gas, diesel and jet fuels, and industrial and electricity fuels.

The 3 technologies utilised to convert oil into power are as follows:

Conventional steam – Here electricity is generated by burning the oil to heat water in order to create steam and thus electricity.

Combustion turbine –For this technology, hot exhaust gas must be produced by burning the oil under pressure which spins turbines that allow for electricity generation.

Combined-cycle technology – For this, firstly Oil is combusted in a combustion turbine, using the heated exhaust gases that generate electricity. After these exhaust gases are recuperated, they heat water in a boiler so that steam is created which drives a second turbine.

What are the environmental impacts?

Air, water and land pollution are all results from oil being burned in order to generate electricity and a few of the wickedest environmental anguishes associated with oil are linked to drilling, transporting and refining. Significant air pollution is produced when burning oil for the purpose of creating electricity. Such pollution takes the form of nitrogen oxides, and, depending on the sulphur content of the oil, sulphur dioxide and particulates. The smoke stack that exits an oil-burning plant develops into carbon dioxide, methane, mercury and unpredictable organic compounds that are released into our environment.

Also producing air pollution such as toxic and dangerous materials as well as emissions of hydrogen sulfide  is drilling. Because of this reality, worker and wildlife are threatened continuously. With drilling, a vast amount of wildlife is lost – a sad challenge the world faces. We as humans make mistakes and therefore it should not be of surprise that catastrophic accidents occur when oil is being transported resulting in the death of hundreds of wildlife.


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